Buck, Peter (Te Rangi Hiroa). Vikings of the Pacific. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1959. (Originally published in 1938 by J.B. Lippincott Co.)
Dodd, Edward. Polynesian Seafaring. New York: Dodd Mead, 1972.
Fornander, Abraham. Fornander Collection of Hawaiian Antiquities and Folk-lore, Vol. 4, 5, and 6. Honolulu: Bishop Musuem, 1916-1919.
Haddon, Alfred, and James Hornell. Canoes of Oceania. Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press, 1936-1938.
Hiroa, Te Rangi (Peter Buck). Arts and Crafts of Hawaii, Section VI Canoes. Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press, 1964.)
Holmes, Tommy. The Hawaiian Canoe. Honolulu: Editions Limited, 1981.
'I'i, John Papa. "Canoes" in Nupepa Kuokoa, March 26, 1870.
Kalokuokamaile, Z.P. K. "Canoe Making and Descriptions" in Nupepa Kuokoa, October 26, 1922-February 15, 1923. A translation by Mary Kawena Pukui is available in the Bishop Museum Archives.
Kamakau, Samuel M. Works of the People of Old. Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press, 1976, 118-122.
Kane, Herb Kawainui. Voyagers. Bellevue, WA: Whalesong, 1991.
Lindo, Cecilia Kapua and Nancy Alpert Mower, ed. Polynesian Seafaring Heritage. Honolulu: Kamehameha Schools, 1980.
Malo, David. Hawaiian Antiquities. Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press, 1951, 126-132.